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Biofilm Formation of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolates From Food-Contact Surfaces of Food Processing Environments of Hospitals

Biofilm Formation of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolates From Food-Contact Surfaces of Food Processing Environments of Hospitals

Rodrigues, Jessica Bezerra dos Santos; Souza, Neyrijane Targino de; Honório, Vanessa Gonçalves; Xavier, Danilo Elias; Albuquerque, Allan de Jesus dos Reis; Sampaio, Fábio Correia; Souza, Evandro Leite de; Magnani, Marciane;

Abstract:

The surfaces that come into contact with foods are important sources for the transmission of microorganisms in food processing environment. Many pathogenic bacteria are able to form biofilm in food-contact surfaces remaining viable even after cleaning procedures. The capability of S. aureus to form biofilms enhances it survival in food processing environments providing a physiological advantage as etiological agent of foodborne diseases. This study assessed the ability to form biofilm of S. aureus (n=57) isolates from food-contact surfaces of food processing environments of hospitals in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. The biofilm formation was evaluated in tryptone soy broth after 48 h of incubation in polystyrene microtiter plates using crystal violet staining and its quantification was based on the difference between the optical density (OD) measurements of the test and negative control samples (Andamp;#916;OD Andlt;subAndgt;492 nmAndlt;/subAndgt;). The isolates were classified as strong (4x ODAndlt;subAndgt;controlAndlt;/subAndgt; Andamp;lt; OD), moderate (2x ODAndlt;subAndgt;controlAndlt;/subAndgt; Andamp;lt; OD Andamp;#8804;4x ODAndlt;subAndgt;controlAndlt;/subAndgt;), weak (ODAndlt;subAndgt;controlAndlt;/subAndgt; Andamp;lt; OD Andamp;#8804; 2x ODAndlt;subAndgt;controlAndlt;/subAndgt;) or none (OD Andamp;#8804; ODAndlt;subAndgt;controlAndlt;/subAndgt;) biofilm-producing. The strains S. epidermidis ATTCC 12228 and S. aureus ATTCC 25923 were used as negative and positive (strong producer) control for biofilm formation, respectively. Among the S. aureus biofilm-producers Andamp;#916;ODAndlt;subAndgt;492 nmAndlt;/subAndgt; values ranged from 0.217 to 0.881. Two isolates (3.5%) was classified as non-biofilm producers (Andamp;#916;ODAndlt;subAndgt;492 nmAndlt;/subAndgt; 0.039 and 0.041) and two (3.5%) were weak biofilm-producers (Andamp;#916;ODAndlt;subAndgt;492 nmAndlt;/subAndgt; 0.08 and 0.09). However, the most isolates (n=53; 93%) had ability to form biofilm, classified as moderate (n=16; 28%) or strong (n=37; 65%) producers. The high percentage of biofilm-producers among S. aureus isolates studied alert to the risk that this pathogen is as chronic source of contamination, especially in food processing environments to hospitals.

Abstract:

Palavras-chave: Biofilm, Staphylococcus aureus, Food-contact surfaces,

Palavras-chave:

DOI: 10.5151/foodsci-microal-266

Referências bibliográficas
Como citar:

Rodrigues, Jessica Bezerra dos Santos; Souza, Neyrijane Targino de; Honório, Vanessa Gonçalves; Xavier, Danilo Elias; Albuquerque, Allan de Jesus dos Reis; Sampaio, Fábio Correia; Souza, Evandro Leite de; Magnani, Marciane; "Biofilm Formation of Staphylococcus Aureus Isolates From Food-Contact Surfaces of Food Processing Environments of Hospitals", p. 149-150 . In: Proceedings of the XII Latin American Congress on Food Microbiology and Hygiene [=Blucher Food Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2359-201X, DOI 10.5151/foodsci-microal-266

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