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Alginate Based Film Incorporated With Eugenol And/Or Limonene: Antimicrobial Activity Against Salmonella Spp and Pseudomonas Spp

Alginate Based Film Incorporated With Eugenol And/Or Limonene: Antimicrobial Activity Against Salmonella Spp and Pseudomonas Spp

Igarashi, Maria Crystina; Landgraf, Mariza;

Abstract:

The incorporation of antimicrobial substances in package films aims at reducing food microbial contamination. Among them, the phenolic compounds extract from plants have received special attention being natural and attending consumer demand. The aims of this research were to evaluate the sensitivity of Salmonella spp (S. Enteritidis ATCC 13076, S. Give, S. Enteritidis) and Pseudomonas spp (P. aeruginosa ATCC 27853, P. fluorescens, P. putida) to eugenol and/or limonene incorporated into the alginate based edible film. Alginate based films were prepared by mixing glycerin (2%) in distilled water previously to the eugenol and/or limonene addition. Eugenol and limonene concentrations were incorporated based on the central composite rotational design 2Andlt;supAndgt;2Andlt;/supAndgt; with three center points. The variables were the concentration of eugenol (0 to 0.4%) and limonene (0 to 0.8%). Sodium alginate (3%) was then added to the solution and CaClAndlt;subAndgt;2Andlt;/subAndgt; was used as a crosslinking step. The film-forming solution was then dried. After, a second crosslinking step was performed. The in vitro antimicrobial activity was carried out by the agar diffusion method using 5mm diameter films placed on Mueller Hinton agar plates, which had been previously spiked with 10Andlt;supAndgt;6Andlt;/supAndgt; CFU.mLAndlt;supAndgt;-1Andlt;/supAndgt; of each of strains of Salmonella spp and Pseudomonas spp. After incubation, the zone of inhibition was measured (mmAndlt;supAndgt;2Andlt;/supAndgt;). Experimental data were analyzed using the software Statistica 10.0. The incorporation of eugenol (0.2%) and limonene (0.2%) into the alginate based film was the most effective combination against all the Pseudomonas spp isolates with inhibition zones ranging from 58.5±1.7 mmAndlt;supAndgt;2Andlt;/supAndgt; to 64.3±2.2 mmAndlt;supAndgt;2Andlt;/supAndgt;. For Salmonella spp none of the combinations of eugenol and limonene were as effective as the incorporation of these compounds alone with zones of inhibiton of 47.3±1.4 mmAndlt;supAndgt;2Andlt;/supAndgt; for eugenol (0.4%) and 48.2±2.1 mmAndlt;supAndgt;2Andlt;/supAndgt; for limonene (0.8%). Besides being an alternative to replace non-recyclable packaging materials, the alginate based films incorporated with eugenol and limonene plays an important role in antimicrobial packaging area. The results showed that the combination of lower concentrations of eugenol and limonene was as effective as the individual minimum inhibitory concentration for these compounds confirming the existence of synergism against Pseudomonas spp but not for Salmonella spp.

Abstract:

Palavras-chave: Salmonella spp, Pseudomonas spp, eugenol, limonene, alginate based film,

Palavras-chave:

DOI: 10.5151/foodsci-microal-341

Referências bibliográficas
Como citar:

Igarashi, Maria Crystina; Landgraf, Mariza; "Alginate Based Film Incorporated With Eugenol And/Or Limonene: Antimicrobial Activity Against Salmonella Spp and Pseudomonas Spp", p. 141-142 . In: Proceedings of the XII Latin American Congress on Food Microbiology and Hygiene [=Blucher Food Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2359-201X, DOI 10.5151/foodsci-microal-341

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