janeiro 2015 vol. 1 num. 3 - International Symposium on Crystallography
Abstract - Open Access.
PRODUCTION OF LOW WATER ABSORPTION TILES USING GRANITE REJECTS
This work investigates the technical feasibility of using powder rejects from a granite stone for the manufacture of ceramic tiles with low water absorption. The use of such rejects not only reduces the environmental impact, but could also lower the cost of manufacturing . Initially, the waste was ground and sieved. Water was added to form a mass that was molded into prismatic bars by compression. The specimens were dried for 24 hours and sintered for one hour in a muffle furnace at temperatures of 1155, 1165, 1175, 1185 and 1195ºC. XDR analysis of both the raw material and the sintered parts were carried out . The maximum linear firing shrinkage was 8.5% and the maximum water absorption detected was lower than 0.5%. Apparent porosity was lower than 1% for all the samples . The average value for the apparent density was above 2,3 g/cm3 . The modulus of rupture (MOR- 3 point bending) varied from 26 MPa (samples fired at 1155ºC) to 33 MPa (samples fired at 1195ºC). For microestruture analysis the samples were subjected to attack by hydrofluoric acid and observed by optical microscopy. Test results demonstrate the potential of granite rejects for the manufacturing of low water absorption tiles.
Argonz, R.; Cabral, D. H. P.; Nogueira, R. E. F. Q.; Sasaki, J. M.; "PRODUCTION OF LOW WATER ABSORPTION TILES USING GRANITE REJECTS", p. 11 . In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Crystallography [Blucher Physics Proceedings, v.1, n.3].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2358-2359, DOI 10.5151/phypro-sic100-011
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