janeiro 2015 vol. 1 num. 3 - International Symposium on Crystallography
Abstract - Open Access.
CRYSTALLITE SIZE DEPENDENCE ON MAGNETOCALORIC EFFECT OF GdAl2 INTERMETALLIC COMPOUND
In this work, the magnetic, magnetocaloric and structural properties of rare earth based GdAl2 intermetallic compound on nanometric scale were studied, focusing on the crystallite size dependence of the magnetocaloric effect. The nanoparticles were obtained in a mechanical milling process in which the alloys, previously synthetized in an arc furnace under argon atmosphere, were crushed inside a planetary high energy ball system also in an argon atmosphere at different milling times. The nanoparticles structure were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, as well as lattice strain and crystallite size values. Rietveld refinement method analysis of the experimental data has confirmed the existence of a single cubic phase for the GdAl2 series, as expected for a Laves phase compound. As the milling time increases, one has observed the crystallite size decreases down to 19 nm the minimum value. The lattice values increases due to atomic disorder induced by the mechanical milling process. Magnetic properties are also strongly crystallite size dependent, evidenced by the temperature interval enlargement of the second order magnetic transition as the particle size decreases. A table-like behavior with improved RCP (Relative Cooling Power) was obtained for larger crystallite size samples, while smaller crystallite size ones exhibited an increased |- DSMmáx| at cryogenic temperatures, associated with the superparamagnetism. Therefore, the magnetocaloric effect on the GdAl2 nanostructured compounds was optimized in comparison to the bulk sample.
de Paula, V. G.; da Silva, L. M.; Coelho, A. A.; dos Santos, A.O.; Cardoso, L.P.; "CRYSTALLITE SIZE DEPENDENCE ON MAGNETOCALORIC EFFECT OF GdAl2 INTERMETALLIC COMPOUND", p. 78 . In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Crystallography [Blucher Physics Proceedings, v.1, n.3].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2358-2359, DOI 10.5151/phypro-sic100-078
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