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University collaborations in Brazilian regions: spatial network analysis

University collaborations in Brazilian regions: spatial network analysis

Rapini, Márcia Siqueira; Chiarini, Túlio; Stein, Alexandre de Queiroz;

Artigo completo:

Neste artigo, propomos analisar as colaborações realizadas pelas universidades brasileiras nas diferentes regiões. As universidades desempenham papel fundamental nos Sistemas Nacionais de Inovação, fornecendo conhecimento, pesquisa e capital humano. Utilizando o Censo 2016 do Diretório de Grupos de Pesquisa do Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa Científica e Tecnológica (CNPq), analisamos 28.181 colaborações dos grupos de pesquisa com diferentes parceiros a partir de metodologia de redes. As análises evidenciam a existência de diferenças importantes quanto aos parceiros locais, sugerindo a necessidade de ampliar o foco das políticas de CT&I que têm sido voltadas às colaborações com empresas. O foco nas colaborações universidade–empresa reforça as desigualdades entre as regiões brasileiras e limita o papel da universidade no desenvolvimento local, em especial no contexto de um país marcado por disparidades regionais historicamente desenvolvidas.

Artigo completo:

In this article, we propose to analyze the collaborations carried out by Brazilian universities in the different regions. Universities play a fundamental role in the National Innovation Systems, providing knowledge, research and human capital. Using the 2016 Census of the Research Groups Directory of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CNPq), we analyzed 28,181 collaborations of research groups with different partners using spatial network methodology. The analyzes show the existence of important differences in relation to local partners, suggesting the need to broaden the focus of ST&I policies that have been focused on collaborations with companies. The focus on university-company collaborations reinforces inequalities between Brazilian regions and limits the role of the university in local development, especially in the context of a country marked by regional disparities.

Palavras-chave: Colaboração de universidades; grupos de pesquisa; metodologia de redes; regiões; Brasil,

Palavras-chave: university-society collaborations; research groups; spatial network analysis, regions; Brazil,

DOI: 10.5151/v-enei-612

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Como citar:

Rapini, Márcia Siqueira; Chiarini, Túlio; Stein, Alexandre de Queiroz; "University collaborations in Brazilian regions: spatial network analysis", p. 39-58 . In: Anais do V Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Inovação, Sustentabilidade e Pandemia”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2021.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/v-enei-612

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