Maio 2018 vol. 4 num. 3 - Colóquio Internacional de Design 2017

Artigo Completo - Open Access.

Idioma principal | Segundo idioma

Um olhar sobre diferentes perspectivas do design especulativo na produção especializada

A Look At Different Perspectives Of Speculative Design In Specialized Academic Production

Lorenz, Bruno Augusto; Lazzarotto, Marco; Meyer, Guilherme Corrêa; Wolff, Fabiane;

Artigo Completo:

O design especulativo é conceito presente nos estudos em design, mas que mostra fragilidades, seja pela falta de concordância entre os autores sobre o uso de um termo específico que descreva tais movimentos ou por um aparente elitismo que permeia tais práticas, isolando a discussão de outros campos do conhecimento. A fim de fortalecer e contribuir com a estruturação teórica do campo, este artigo busca identificar o que já foi publicado sobre o design especulativo. Por meio da técnica de revisão sistemática, pretende-se analisar os artigos indexados no portal de Periódicos Capes que carregam esse e outros termos relativos a tal prática. Busca-se então (i) compreender como os autores que citam o design especulativo em seus trabalhos entendem o termo, (ii) quais são os autores e referências que utilizam para justificar essa definição e, por fim, (iii) analisar como o design especulativo se relaciona com o contexto geral do que está sendo investigado nos trabalhos analisados. A busca considerou artigos publicados últimos 20 anos, em inglês, contendo as palavras chave “speculative design” AND “Dunne” em qualquer parte do texto. O sistema retornou 34 artigos revisados por pares a partir desses parâmetros. A primeira filtragem consistiu na leitura dos resumos desses trabalhos, resultando na manutenção de 22 artigos. O segundo filtro consistiu na leitura completa dos trabalhos - a fim de avaliar a pertinência dos escritos aos objetivos estabelecidos -resultando em 17 artigos escolhidos para a análise final. A partir dessa análise, foi possível identificar que o design especulativo é visto como uma prática que potencializa o debate e expande o espaço-problema por meio do desenvolvimento de artefatos. Além disso, a cooperação entre designers e cientistas permite que as descobertas feitas no âmbito acadêmico-científico possam ser levadas para a esfera pública a partir dos movimentos críticos e especulativos. A indefinição de termos vista no próprio campo se reflete nos artigos analisados, ainda mais quando se leva em consideração que o assunto é discutido por campos que vão de arquitetura e urbanismo, passando pela sociologia e tocando até mesmo áreas médicas.

Artigo Completo:

The Speculative Design is a concept present in design studies, but it shows frailties, either because of the lack of agreement among the authors about the use of a specific term that describes such concept or by an apparent elitism that permeates such practices, isolating the discussion from other fields of practice. In order to strengthen and contribute to the theoretical structuring of the field, this article seeks to identify what has already been published about speculative design. Through the technique of systematic review, we intend to analyze the articles indexed in the portal of Periódicos Capes (Periodical Capes) that carry this and other terms related to that practice. It is then sought (i) to understand how authors who cite speculative design in their works understand the term, (ii) what authors and references they use to justify this definition, and (iii) to analyze how the speculative design relates to what is being investigated in the works analyzed. The search considered articles published in the last 20 years, in English, containing the keywords “speculative design” and “Dunne” anywhere in the text. The system returned 34 peer-reviewed articles within these parameters. The first filtering consisted of reading the abstracts of these papers, resulting in the permanence of 22 articles. The second filter consisted of the complete reading of the papers - in order to evaluate the pertinence of the writings to the established objectives - resulting in 17 articles chosen for the final analysis. From this analysis, it was possible to identify that the speculative design is seen as a practice that potentiates the debate and expands the problem-space through the development of artifacts. In addition, the cooperation between designers and scientists allows that the discoveries that are made in the academic-scientific scope can be brought to the public sphere from the critical and speculative movements. The lack of definition of terms seen in the field itself is reflected in the analyzed articles, especially when one considers that the subject is discussed by fields ranging from architecture and urbanism, through sociology and even reaching the medical areas.

Palavras-chave: design especulativo; revisão sistemática; Anthony Dunne,

Palavras-chave: speculative design; systematic review; Anthony Dunne,

DOI: 10.5151/cid2017-64

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Como citar:

Lorenz, Bruno Augusto; Lazzarotto, Marco; Meyer, Guilherme Corrêa; Wolff, Fabiane; "Um olhar sobre diferentes perspectivas do design especulativo na produção especializada", p. 742-754 . In: . São Paulo: Blucher, 2018.
ISSN 2318-6968, ISBN: cid2017
DOI 10.5151/cid2017-64

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