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Transportation infrastructure and University-Industry collaborations: regional-level evidence from Brazil

Transportation infrastructure and University-Industry collaborations: regional-level evidence from Brazil

Medeiros, Victor; Stein, Alexandre de Queiroz; Ribeiro, Rafael Saulo Marques; Santos, Ulisses Pereira dos;

Artigo completo:

As universidades têm desempenhado um papel importante na promoção da inovação no nível da empresa. As interações universidade-empresa são assunto de crescente interesse nos estudos sobre inovação. A literatura identificou que spillovers de conhecimento são limitados no espaço. Assim, uma infraestrutura de transporte adequada pode amplificar transbordamentos de conhecimento, conectando locais e promovendo a difusão do conhecimento. Neste trabalho, examinamos o impacto de um aumento no provimento de estradas sobre as interações universidade-empresa no Brasil, usando modelos de variáveis instrumentais para tratar possíveis problemas de endogeneidade. Nossos resultados sugerem que rodovias impactam positivamente as interações U-E. Também mostramos que os efeitos das estradas nas interações U-E locais são maiores para empresas e grupos de pesquisa de pequeno porte, grupos de pesquisa de alta qualidade e microrregiões líderes. Além disso, encontramos que a rede de estradas pode estar concentrando espacialmente os fluxos de conhecimento no Brasil.

Artigo completo:

Universities have played a major role in fostering innovation at the firm level. The university-industry (U-I) linkages have become a subject of growing interest in studies on innovation. Literature has identified that knowledge spillovers are bounded in space. Thus, an adequate transportation infrastructure may amplify potential knowledge spillovers by connecting places and promoting learning and knowledge diffusion. In this work, we examine the impact of an increase in roads provisioning on U-I linkages in Brazil using instrumental variables econometric models to account for possible endogeneity issues. Our results suggest that highways positively impact U-I interactions. We also show that the effects of roads on local U-I collaborations are greater for small-sized firms and research groups, higher-quality research groups and leading micro-regions. Also, we find a negatively signed spatial effect of roads on U-I linkages, thus suggesting that the road network may be spatially concentrating knowledge flows in Brazil.

Palavras-chave: infraestrutura de transportes; colaborações universidade-empresa; desenvolvimento regional; variáveis instrumentais; Brasil.,

Palavras-chave: transportation infrastructure; U-I collaborations; regional development; instrumental variables; Brazil,

DOI: 10.5151/v-enei-658

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Como citar:

Medeiros, Victor; Stein, Alexandre de Queiroz; Ribeiro, Rafael Saulo Marques; Santos, Ulisses Pereira dos; "Transportation infrastructure and University-Industry collaborations: regional-level evidence from Brazil", p. 659-678 . In: Anais do V Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Inovação, Sustentabilidade e Pandemia”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2021.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/v-enei-658

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