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Tipologia de professores a partir de motivações e canais de interação com empresas: estudo de caso da Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Typology of researchers based on motivations and channels of interaction with industry: a case study of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Reina, Darío Reyes; Rapini, Márcia Siqueira; Corradi, Ariane Agnes;

Artigo completo:

Este artigo analisa professores que realizam atividades de interação universidade-empresa na Universidade Nacional da Colombia, entendendo, especificamente, suas motivações para interagir e os canais de interação utilizados. Para isto, foi realizada uma pesquisa qualitativa por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 15 professores e três funcionários encarregados dos programas de transferência de tecnologia na universidade. Como resultado, identificou-se heterogeneidade de posicionamentos dos professores sobre a interação universidade-empresa e propôs-se uma tipologia os dividindo em quatro grupos com características particulares, sendo: 1) Colaboradores Circunstanciais, são professores que têm um contato esporádico com as empresas; 2) Independentes, são os professores que têm foco no desenvolvimento de iniciativas próprias via spin-off, e que têm um contato esporádico com as empresas; 3) Integrados, são os professores com foco na transferência de conhecimentos e pesquisas, que veem nas empresas um parceiro estratégico mas não desejam empreender; 4) Empreendedores Acadêmicos, são os professores com foco no desenvolvimento de iniciativas próprias via spin-off, que veem nas empresas um parceiro estratégico. Recomenda-se que as universidades avancem na criação de programas de inovação e transferência de tecnologia que sejam mais flexíveis e variados, entendendo que os incentivos e as iniciativas que são adequadas para um tipo de professor não necessariamente o são para outros.

Artigo completo:

The present research had the objective to analyze researchers who carry out university-industry interaction activities, understanding, specifically, their motivations for interaction and the interaction channels they prefer to use. For this, a qualitative research was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 15 professors and three employees involved in technology transfer programs at a Colombian public university: the National University of Colombia. As result, we identified heterogeneous positionings of professors regarding university-industry interaction and proposed a typology that divides them into four groups with particular characteristics: 1) ‘Circumstantial collaborators’ are researchers who have sporadic contact with industry; 2) ‘Independent’ are researchers who focus on developing their own initiatives via spin-off, and who have sporadic contact with industry; 3)‘Integrated’ are researchers with a focus on knowledge transfer and research, who see industry as a strategic partner but do not wish to undertake entrepreneurship; 4)‘Academic Entrepreneurs’ are researchers with a focus on developing their own initiatives via spin-off, who see industry as a strategic partner. It is recommended that universities move forward in creating innovation and technology transfer programs that are more flexible and varied, understanding that the incentives and initiatives that fit one type of researcher do not necessarily do so for others.

Palavras-chave: Interação Universidade-empresa; professores universitários; canais de interação; motivações; Colômbia,

Palavras-chave: University-industry interaction, researchers, interactions channels, motivations, Colombia,

DOI: 10.5151/v-enei-631

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Como citar:

Reina, Darío Reyes; Rapini, Márcia Siqueira; Corradi, Ariane Agnes; "Tipologia de professores a partir de motivações e canais de interação com empresas: estudo de caso da Universidad Nacional de Colombia", p. 265-283 . In: Anais do V Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Inovação, Sustentabilidade e Pandemia”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2021.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/v-enei-631

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