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The Technology Intensity of the Final Demand for Goods and Services: a Value-Added Analysis of the Brazilian Economy

The Technology Intensity of the Final Demand for Goods and Services: a Value-Added Analysis of the Brazilian Economy

RAMOS, Ricardo R.; PROCHNIK, Victor;

Artigo Completo:

A fragmentação das atividades econômicas está transformando o comércio global em uma rede de cadeias que atravessam fronteiras. Essas tendências e o rápido crescimento econômico de vários países em desenvolvimento, principalmente do Leste Asiático, atribui importância ao estudo da evolução da inserção brasileira na economia mundial. Com este objetivo, este trabalho adota métodos recentemente aprimorados baseados na tradicional análise insumo-produto de Leontief, adaptando-os para avaliar a intensidade tecnológica de fluxos inter-regionais. São enfatizadas as diferenças empregadas nas importações e exportações de bens e serviços finais para o consumo das famílias e para a formação bruta de capital fixo. Os resultados mostram que os gastos da demanda final para o consumo das famílias geram mais valor adicionado na produção brasileira de bens e serviços finais do que os gastos com a formação bruta de capital fixo. Além disto, revelam uma redução no valor adicionado gerado nas indústrias brasileiras de alta intensidade tecnológica tanto para o consumo das famílias como para a formação bruta de capital fixo no período de 2000 a 2014.

Artigo Completo:

The fragmentation of economic activities is reshaping global trade into a network of cross-borders chains. These trends and the rapid economic growth of several developing countries, mainly from East Asia, have made it important to study the evolution of the Brazilian’s insertion in the world economy. Pursuing this objective, the paper applies recently enhanced methods based on Leontief’s traditional input-output analysis, adapting them to study the technology intensity of interregional flows. It emphasizes differences are being employed in imports and exports of final goods and services to households’ consumption demand and to gross fixed capital formation. The results show that the final demand expenditures to households’ consumption generate much more value-added in the Brazilian production of final goods and services compared to the gross fixed capital formation. Besides, it reveals a reduction of the value-added generated in Brazilian high-technology industries both for the households’ consumption and for gross fixed capital formation from 2000 to 2014.

Palavras-chave: análise de valor adicionado, cadeias de valor global, intensidade tecnológica, base de dados mundial de insumo-produto,

Palavras-chave: value-added analysis, global value chains, technology intensity, world input-output database,

DOI: 10.5151/enei2017-74

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Como citar:

RAMOS, Ricardo R.; PROCHNIK, Victor; "The Technology Intensity of the Final Demand for Goods and Services: a Value-Added Analysis of the Brazilian Economy", p. 1384-1402 . In: . São Paulo: Blucher, 2017.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/enei2017-74

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