agosto 2017 vol. 3 num. 6 - SBDS + ISSD 2017

Artigo Completo - Open Access.

Idioma principal

Phytoremediation: An Urban Landscape Strategy for Sustainable and Healthy Cities

Mendes, Maria Estela Ribeiro; Pina, Silvia Mikami G.;

Artigo Completo:

Phytoremediation is a natural technique which explores the interactions between bacteria located in rhizosphere and diverse types of contaminants (organic and inorganic), in other words, it is the use of living plants to remove, reduce or immobilize contaminants in water, soil and sludges. Natural processes act in water and soil depuration spontaneously through the molecules' chemicals transformations, resulting in a nontoxic substance. Cities worldwide are faced with the challenge of contaminated water, soil and air, exposing urban dwellers to several types of pollution destructive to the humans and to the city's health. By integrating phytoremediation and urban landscape it is possible to develop a multifunctional green infrastructure network, capable of mitigating problems related to water management and urban pollution. This paper provides a literature review that aims to recognize phytoremediation’s technical collaboration to a water sensitive urban design into sustainable cities, and join these important concepts to urban landscape practices, less known in Brazilian municipalities.

Artigo Completo:

Palavras-chave: Phytoremediation; Sustainable Cities; Urban Landscape; Green Infrastructure,

Palavras-chave:

DOI: 10.5151/sbds-issd-2017-030

Referências bibliográficas
  • [1] ANDRADE, L. M. S.; BLUMENSCHEIN, R. N. A nova Ecologia da Cidade: uma conexão importante para a ciência do Desenho Urbano. A dimensão ambiental da cidade. Anais... , 2014. Belém.
  • [2] ANSARI, A. A.; GILL, S. S.; GILL, R.; LANZA, G. R.; NEWMAN, L. Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants. Springer International Publishing, 2015.
  • [3] DAVIS, L. A Handbook of Constructed Wetlands, 1994. Washington, DC: U.S. G.P.O.
  • [4] FARR, D. Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design with Nature. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
  • [5] HERZOG, C. P. A multifunctional green infrastructure design to protect and improve native biodiversity in Rio de Janeiro. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, v. 12, n. 1, p. 141– 150, 2016.
  • [6] HERZOG, C. P.; ROSA, L. Z. Infraestrutura verde: sustentabilidade e resiliência para a paisagem urbana. Revista Labverde, p. 92–115, 2010.
  • [7] ISHIMATSU, K.; ITO, K.; MITANI, Y. Use of rain gardens for stormwater management in urban design and planning. Landscape and Ecological Engineering, v. 13, n. 1, p. 205– 212, 201
  • [8] MAHLER, J. C. Fitorremediação: O uso de plantas na melhoria da qualidade ambiental. Oficina de Textos, 2007.
  • [9] MANNING, W. J. Assessing the effects of zone on plants: Use and misuse of ethylenediurea (EDU). Proceedings of the 85th Annual meeting and exhibition on air and waste management association, v. 11, 1992.
  • [10] MENDONÇA, A. A. J. DE. Avaliação de um sistema descentralizado de tratamento de esgotos domésticos em escala real composto por tanque séptico e wetland construída híbrida, 2016. Dissertação de Mestrado, São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo.
  • [11] MGUNI, P.; HERSLUND, L.; JENSEN, M. B. Sustainable urban drainage systems: examining the potential for green infrastructure-based stormwater management for Sub-Saharan cities. Natural Hazards, v. 82, n. S2, p. 241–257, 2016.
  • [12] MIGUEZ, M. G.; VERÓL, A. P.; REZENDE, O. M. Drenagem Urbana. Do Projeto Tradicional à Sustentabilidade. Brasil: Elsevier, 2016.
  • [13] MOURA, N. C. B. Biorretenção: tecnologia ambiental urbana para manejo das águas de chuva, 2014. São Paulo: Universidade de São Paulo.
  • [14] SCHIVARTCHE, F. Poluição urbana: as grandes cidades morrem: você pode salvá-las. São Paulo: Editora Terceiro Nome & Mostarda Editora, 2005.
  • [15] SCHOLZ, M.; HARRINGTON, R.; CARROLL, P.; MUSTAFA, A. The integrated constructed wetlands (ICW) concept. Wetlands, v. 27, n. 2, p. 337–354, 2007.
  • [16] SCHUELER, T. R. Controlling Urban Runoff: A Practical Manual for Planning and Designing Urban Best Management Practices. Washington, D.C.: MWCOG, 1987.
  • [17] SILVA, S. C. DA. “Wetlands Construídos” de Fluxo Vertical com Meio Suporte de Solo Natural Modificado no Tratamento de Esgotos Domésticos, 2007. Tese de Doutorado, Brasília: Universidade de Brasília.
  • [18] TODD, L. F.; LANDMAN, K.; KELLY, S. Phytoremediation: An interim landscape architecture strategy to improve accessibility of contaminated vacant lands in Canadian municipalities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, v. 18, p. 242–256, 2016.
  • [19] TUCCI, C. E. Águas Urbanas. Estudos Avançados, v. 63, n. 22, p. 97–112, 2008.
  • [20] VALIPOUR, A.; AHN, Y.-H. Constructed wetlands as sustainable ecotechnologies in decentralization practices: a review. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, v. 23, n. 1, p. 180–197, 2016.
  • [21] VYMAZAL, J. Wastewater treatment in constructed wetlands with horizontal sub-surface flow. New York: Springer, 2008.
Como citar:

Mendes, Maria Estela Ribeiro; Pina, Silvia Mikami G.; "Phytoremediation: An Urban Landscape Strategy for Sustainable and Healthy Cities", p. 184-190 . In: Anais do Simpósio Brasileiro de Design Sustentável e International Symposium on Sustainable Design 2017. São Paulo: Blucher, 2017.
ISSN 2318-6968, DOI 10.5151/sbds-issd-2017-030

últimos 30 dias | último ano | desde a publicação


downloads


visualizações


indexações