Artigo completo - Open Access.

Idioma principal | Segundo idioma

Elicitação gráfica como técnica de pesquisa visual em saúde

Graphical elicitation as a visual health research technique

Kupczik, Vanessa; Spinillo, Carla Galvão;

Artigo completo:

A elicitação gráfica é uma técnica dentro da pesquisa qualitativa na qual uma ferramenta gráfica é usada para representar a informação que possui atributos de texto e imagens. Esta ferramenta pode ser usada tanto pelo pesquisador quanto pelo participante para expor seus pensamentos, conceitos e ideias durante uma entrevista. Diferentes áreas do conhecimento estão utilizando métodos visuais, inclusive a área de saúde. Entretanto, o termo elicitação gráfica, é pouco empregado nesta área. Portanto, este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar o conceito de elicitação, introduzir cinco formas de elicitação gráfica e exemplificar seu uso na área de saúde. Isso será feito por meio de uma revisão bibliográfica sobre as técnicas de elicitação. Como resultado, temos um resumo de cinco técnicas de elicitação gráfica exemplificadas com artigos e representações ilustrativas criadas pelos autores. Conclui-se que a elicitação gráfica é uma técnica apropriada quando se quer aprofundar e ilustrar o problema de pesquisa. Quando combinada com outras técnicas, ela pode aumentar a qualidade da pesquisa e revelar uma realidade que de outra maneira não seria descoberta.

Artigo completo:

Graphic elicitation is a technique within qualitative research in which a graphical tool is used to represent information that has both text and image attributes. Both the researcher and the participant can expose their thoughts, concepts and ideas during an interview using this tool. Different areas of knowledge are using visual methods, including health. However, the term graphic elicitation is little used in this area. Therefore, this article aims to present the concept of elicitation, to introduce five forms of graphic elicitation and to exemplify its use in the health area. This will be done through a literature review on elicitation techniques. As a result, we have a summary of five graphic elicitation techniques exemplified with articles and illustrative representations created by the authors. The conclusion is that graphical elicitation is an appropriate technique when we want to deepen and illustrate the research problem. When combined with other techniques, it can increase the quality of research and reveal a reality that otherwise would not be discovered.

Palavras-chave: método visual, técnica visual, elicitação, elicitação gráfica, saúde, medicina,

Palavras-chave: visual method, visual technique, elicitation, graphic elicitation, health, medicine,

DOI: 10.5151/9cidi-congic-5.0195

Referências bibliográficas
  • [1] Arruda, W. (2011). Neurônio e o Tecido Nervoso. Em Meneses, M. Neuroanatomia Aplicada. Ed. Guanabara-Koogan, 3°Ed.
  • [2] Bagnoli, A. (2009). Beyond the standard interview: The use of graphic elicitation and arts-based methods. Qualitative Research, 9(5), pp. 547-570.
  • [3] Banks, M. (2001). Visual methods in social research. London, United Kingdom: Sage.
  • [4] Barton, K. (2015). Elicitation Techniques: Getting People to Talk About Ideas They Don’t Usually Talk About, Theory & Research in Social Education, 43(2), pp. 179-205.
  • [5] Blackwell, A.F. (2001).Thinking with Diagrams. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic.
  • [6] Cetin, G., Ozarslan, G., Isik, E. & Eser, H. (2012). Student´s views about health concept by drawing and writing tecnhique. Energy Education Science and Techonology Part B: Social and Educational Studies, pp. 311-31
  • [7] Chen, A. (2018). Timeline Drawing and the Online Scrapbook: Two Visual Elicitation Techniques for a Richer Exploration of Illness Journeys. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 17, pp. 1-13.
  • [8] Copeland, A., & Agosto, D. (2012). Diagrams and Relational Maps: The Use of Graphic Elicitation Techniques with Interviewing for Data Collection, Analysis, and Display. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 11(5), pp. 513-533.
  • [9] Cooke, N. (1994). Varieties of knowledge elicitation techniques. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 41, pp. 801-84
  • [10] Crilly, N., Blackwell, A., & Clarkson P. (2006). Graphic elicitation: using research diagrams as interview stimuli. Qualitative Research, 6(3), pp. 341–366.
  • [11] Dongre, A. (2011).Photo-elicitation as a Public Health Teaching and Learning Tool. Education for Health, 24(1), pp.1-3.
  • [12] Fotografia, (2013). Dicionário Priberam da Língua Portuguesa. Recuperado em 8 de maio, 2019 de https://dicionario.priberam.org/fotografia.
  • [13] Harper, D. (2002).Talking about pictures: A case for photo elicitation. Visual Studies, 17(1), pp. 13–26.
  • [14] Jun, T., Hinrichs, S., Jafri, T., & Clarkson, P. (2010). Thinking with Simple Diagrams in Healthcare Systems Design. International Design Conference - Desing 2010. (pp. 1784-1794). Dubrovnik – Croatia.
  • [15] Lima, R. (2015). O que é infografia jornalística. Infodesign: Revista Brasileira de Design da Informação, 12(1), pp. 111-127.
  • [16] Linha do Tempo. (2018). The Free Dictioary. Recuperado em 3 de outubro, 2018 de https://www.thefreedictionary. com/timeline.
  • [17] Lorenz, L. (2011). A way into empathy: A ‘case’ of photo-elicitation in illness research. Health, 15(3), pp. 259–275.
  • [18] Lorenz, L., & Kolb, B.(2009). Involving the public through participatory visual research methods. Health Expectations, 12, pp. 262-274.
  • [19] Nesbit, J., & Adescope, O. (2006). Learning with concept and knowledge maps: A meta-
  • [20] analysis. Review of Educational Research, 76, pp. 413-448.
  • [21] Paradies Y., & Stevens M. (2005). Conceptual diagrams in public health research. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59, pp. 1012-1013.
  • [22] Pink, S. (2007). Doing Visual Ethnography: Images, Media and Representation in Research London: Sage.
  • [23] Radley, A., & Taylor, D. (2003). Images of Recovery: A Photo-Elicitation Study on the Hospital Ward. Qualitative Health Research, 13(1), pp.77-99.
  • [24] Ray J., & Smith, A. (2012). Using photographs to research organizations: Evidence, considerations and application in field study. Organizational Research Methods, 15(2), pp. 288–315.
  • [25] Roseneil, S. (2006). The Ambivalences of Angel’s “Arrangement”: A Psychosocial Lens on the Contemporary Condition of Personal Life. The Sociological Review, 54 (4) pp. 847–69.
  • [26] Sheridan, J., Chamberlain, K., & Dupuis, A. (2011).Timelining: visualizing experience. Qualitative Research, 11(5), pp. 552 – 569.
  • [27] Stenning, K., & Oberlander, J. (1995). A cognitive theory of graphical and linguistic reasoning: Logic and implementation. Cognitive Science, 19, pp. 97–140.
  • [28] Stiles, D. 2004. Pictorial representation. Em Cassell, C. & Symon, G. (Eds.) Essential guide to qualitative methods in organizational research. London, United Kingdom: Sage.
  • [29] Umoquit, M., Dobrow, M., Lemieux-Charles, L., Ritvo, P., Urbach, D., & Wodchis, W. (2008).
  • [30] The efficiency and effectiveness of utilizing diagrams in interviews: an assessment of participatory diagramming and graphic elicitation. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 8(53).
  • [31] Varga‐Atkins, T., & O’brien, M. (2009). From drawings to diagrams: maintaining researcher control during graphic elicitation in qualitative interviews. International Journal of Research & Method in Education, 32(1), pp. 53-67.
  • [32] Warhurst, R., & Black, K. (2015). The use of photo-elicitation interviewing in qualitative HRD research. Em: Handbook of Research Methods on HRD. Handbooks of Research Methods in Management . Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 127-140.
  • [33] Wheeldon, J. (2010). Mapping mixed methods research: Methods, measures, and meaning. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 4, pp. 87–102.
  • [34] Wilson, S., Cunningham-Burley, S., Bancroft, A., Backett-Milburn, K. & Masters, H. (2007). Young people, biographical narratives and the life grid: young people’s accounts of parental substance use. Qualitative Research, 7 (1), pp. 135–151.
  • [35] Woolford, J., Patterson, T., Macleod, E., Hobbs, L., & Hayne, H. (2013). Drawing helps children to talk about their presenting problems during a mental health assessment. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 20(1), pp. 68-83
Como citar:

Kupczik, Vanessa; Spinillo, Carla Galvão; "Elicitação gráfica como técnica de pesquisa visual em saúde", p. 2297-2308 . In: Anais do 9º CIDI | Congresso Internacional de Design da Informação, edição 2019 e do 9º CONGIC | Congresso Nacional de Iniciação Científica em Design da Informação. São Paulo: Blucher, 2019.
ISSN 2318-6968, DOI 10.5151/9cidi-congic-5.0195

últimos 30 dias | último ano | desde a publicação


downloads


visualizações


indexações