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Economic Analysis and Digital Platforms

Economic Analysis and Digital Platforms

Silva Neto, Victo José da; Bonacelli, Maria Beatriz Machado; Pacheco, Carlos Américo;

Artigo completo:

A co-evolução de tecnologia e instituições, como por exemplo modelos organizacionais, por vezes acelera e cria um fosso entre os fenômenos econômicos e a capacidade dos estudiosos de analisá-los. O desenvolvimento da economia de plataformas nas últimas décadas parece ser um destes momentos. Neste artigo discutimos como a análise econômica tem respondido à transformação tecno-econômica que acompanha as plataformas digitais. Apresentamos um panorama crítico da economia e da economia política das plataformas digitais. Cada área de estudos tem respondido de uma forma distinta ao advento das plataformas. A microeconomia mainstream desenvolveu novos modelos de mercado em sub-áreas específicas, sem grandes dificuldades. Teorias microeconômicas alternativas (e.g., teoria dos custos de transação) vêem seus construtos teóricos afetados pela transformação digital. Correntes de gestão e negócios se fundiram com estudos de sistemas de informação em um grande conjunto heterogêneo de novas e frutíferas abordagens. Finalmente, a economia política tem buscado acomodar os novos fenômenos em velhas matrizes interpretativas.

Artigo completo:

The co-evolution of technology and institutions, such as organizational models, sometimes accelerates and creates a gap between economic phenomena and the ability of scholars to analyze them. The development of the platform economy in the last few decades seems to be one of these moments. In this article, we discuss how economic analysis has responded to the techno-economic transformation that accompanies digital platforms. We present a critical overview of digital platform economics and political economy. Each area of study has responded in a different way to the advent of platforms. Mainstream microeconomics has developed new market models in specific sub-areas, without major difficulties. Alternative microeconomic theories (e.g., transaction cost theory) see their theoretical constructs affected by digital transformation. Currents of management and business have merged with studies of information systems in a large heterogeneous set of new and fruitful approaches. Finally, political economy has sought to accommodate new phenomena in old interpretive matrices.

Palavras-chave: plataformas digitais; economia digital; economia política digital; história do pensamento econômico; métodos,

Palavras-chave: digital platforms; digital economy; digital political economy; history of economic thought; methods,

DOI: 10.5151/v-enei-640

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Como citar:

Silva Neto, Victo José da; Bonacelli, Maria Beatriz Machado; Pacheco, Carlos Américo; "Economic Analysis and Digital Platforms", p. 392-406 . In: Anais do V Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Inovação, Sustentabilidade e Pandemia”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2021.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/v-enei-640

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