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Eco indústria e o gap tecnológico: uma análise baseada na abordagem neo-schumpeteriana de sistemas de inovação e estruturalista

Eco industry and the technology gap: an analysis based on the neo-Schumpeterian innovation systems and structuralist approach

Barcelos, Tiago Rodrigo Ferreira;

Artigo:

Este artigo tem o objetivo de discutir as disparidades estruturais e competitivas entre os países no setor de bens e serviços ambientais (ou Eco indústria). Apesar da falta de consensualidade internacional para a definição do conjunto de bens e serviços que integram este setor, organizações internacionais têm incentivado sua dinamização através de propostas de liberalização comercial, com a justificativa de gerar estímulos para o desenvolvimento industrial e sustentável. No entanto, considerando as diferentes capacidades estruturais, institucionais e tecnológicas, assim como o tipo de inserção internacional dos países, a medida é observada com potencial de inviabilizar o processo de mudança estrutural dos países em desenvolvimento. Este argumento – que tem bases sólidas na abordagem neoschumpeteriana de sistemas de inovação e escola estruturalista – remete a fundamentalidade do desenvolvimento de capacitações tecnológicas para a realização do processo de mudança estrutural. Deste modo, são enfatizados a importância da construção de capacidades sistêmicas como uma alternativa de desenvolvimento justo e, verdadeiramente, sustentável. O alinhamento entre esforço tecnológico, articulação de investimentos e execução de planejamento político econômico amplo, são observados como principais bases para sustentar uma trajetória de desenvolvimento sustentável para as economias periféricas.

Artigo:

This article aims to discuss the structural and competitive disparities among countries in the environmental goods and services sector (or Eco Industry). Despite the lack of international consensus on the definition of the set of goods and services that make up this sector, international organizations have encouraged its dynamization through measures aimed at trade liberalization, with the justification of generating stimuli for industrial and sustainable development. However, considering the different structural, institutional, and technological capabilities, as well as the type of international insertion of the countries, the measure is observed to have the potential to make the process of structural change unviable for developing countries. This argument - which has solid bases in the Neo-Schumpeterian approach of innovation systems and the structuralist school - refers to the fundamentality of the development of technological capabilities for the realization of the structural change process. In this way, the importance of building systemic capabilities is emphasized as an alternative for fair and, truly, sustainable development. The alignment between technological effort, investment articulation and execution of broad economic policy planning are observed as the main bases for sustaining a sustainable development trajectory for peripheral economies.

Palavras-chave: Eco indústria; Gap tecnológico; Desenvolvimento Sustentável; Competitividade,

Palavras-chave: Eco Industry; Technological Gap; Sustainable Development; Competitiveness,

DOI: 10.5151/vi-enei-862

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Como citar:

Barcelos, Tiago Rodrigo Ferreira; "Eco indústria e o gap tecnológico: uma análise baseada na abordagem neo-schumpeteriana de sistemas de inovação e estruturalista", p. 97-110 . In: Anais do VI Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Indústria e pesquisa para Inovação: novos desafios ao desenvolvimento sustentável”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2022.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/vi-enei-862

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