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DIVERSIFICAÇÃO TECNOLÓGICA EM AMBIENTES EM TRANSFORMAÇÃO: UM ESTUDO A PARTIR DE TECNOLOGIAS DE MITIGAÇÃO DAS MUDANÇAS CLIMÁTICAS

FEITOSA, Paulo Henrique Assis;

Artigo:

Este artigo analisa a diversificação das firmas em tecnologias de mitigação das mudanças climáticas e os efeitos das alterações nos níveis de oportunidades tecnológicas. A partir da constituição de um banco de dados original com patentes relacionadas a tecnologias de mitigação das mudanças climáticas, o artigo examina 120 grupos de tecnologias em todo mundo e o portfólio de patentes de 436 firmas, entre os anos 1990-2009. As estimativas econométricas evidenciam o efeito que o ambiente tecnológico exerce sobre a atividade inovadora de firmas de diferentes estruturas, localização e atividades econômicas. Os resultados sugerem uma relação não linear em formato de “U” invertido entre o nível de oportunidade tecnológica e o grau de diversificação das firmas. Em ambientes tecnológicos marcados por rápida transformação, as firmas adotam estratégias de especialização, direcionando suas atividades para o reforço de áreas tecnológicas existentes. No mesmo sentido, maiores graus de diversificação são observados em firmas com grande porte e maior capacidade acumular conhecimentos.

Artigo:

This article analyzes the diversification of firms in climate change–mitigation technologies and the effects of changes in the levels of technological opportunities. From the constitution of a unique database of patents related to mitigation of climate change technologies, the article examines 120 technology groups worldwide and the patent portfolio of 436 firms, between the years 1990-2009. Econometric estimates reveal the effect that technological environment carries on the innovative activity of firms of different structures, location and economic activities. The results suggest a non-linear relationship (inverse-U-shape) between the level of technological opportunity and the degree of diversification of firms. In technological environments characterized by rapid change, firms adopt specialization strategies, directing its activities to reinforcement existing technological areas. Similarly, large firms and firms with greater capacity to accumulate knowledge have higher levels of technological diversification.

Palavras-chave: Diversificação tecnológica; oportunidades tecnológicas; mudanças climáticas,

Palavras-chave: Technological diversification; technological opportunities; climate change,

DOI: 10.5151/engpro-1enei-059

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Como citar:

FEITOSA, Paulo Henrique Assis; "DIVERSIFICAÇÃO TECNOLÓGICA EM AMBIENTES EM TRANSFORMAÇÃO: UM ESTUDO A PARTIR DE TECNOLOGIAS DE MITIGAÇÃO DAS MUDANÇAS CLIMÁTICAS", p. 1050-1069 . In: Anais do 1º Encontro da Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação [=Blucher Engineering Proceedings, v.3 n.4]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2016.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/engpro-1enei-059

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