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Dinâmica do crescimento da produtividade do trabalho na indústria de transformação brasileira segundo o porte das empresas – 1997 a 2018

Dynamics of labor productivity growth in the Brazilian manufacturing industry by size – 1997 to 2018

Silva, Ariana Cericatto da; Botelho, Marisa dos Reis Azevedo;

Artigo:

O artigo tem por objetivo analisar a dinâmica de evolução da produtividade da indústria de transformação brasileira considerando as faixas de tamanho das empresas. Para a análise se utilizou de dados da Pesquisa Industrial Anual, por meio de uma tabulação especial. Empregou-se um horizonte amplo de análise, do ano de 1997 a 2018, período ainda pouco explorado na literatura e utilizou-se o método shift-share para decompor o crescimento da produtividade do trabalho da indústria de transformação brasileira, sob o enfoque do tamanho das empresas (entre os portes e intra porte). Os resultados demonstraram que as pequenas empresas apresentaram uma melhor dinâmica de mudança estrutural, tanto em relação aos outros portes como internamente. Com isso, verificou-se uma sinalização de melhora do desempenho produtivo nos menores portes, ou seja, os resultados indicam uma diminuição, embora sutil, da brecha produtiva por parte das pequenas e médias empresas.

Artigo:

The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the dynamics of productivity evolution of the Brazilian manufacturing industry considering the size ranges of companies. For the analysis, data from the Annual Industrial Survey was used, through a special tabulation. A broad horizon of time was used, from 1997 to 2018, a period still little explored in the literature, and the shift-share method was used to decompose the growth of industrial labor productivity in the Brazilian industry, focusing on the size of the companies (between sizes and intra-size). The results showed that small companies showed a better dynamic of structural change both among other sizes and internally. Thus, there was a sign of improvement in productive performance in smaller sizes, that is, the results indicate a decrease, although subtle, in the productive gap on the part of small and medium-sized companies.

Palavras-chave: Produtividade do trabalho; Indústria de Transformação; Porte de empresas; Shift-share,

Palavras-chave: Labor productivity; Manufacturing industry; Size of companies; Shift-share,

DOI: 10.5151/vi-enei-816

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Como citar:

Silva, Ariana Cericatto da; Botelho, Marisa dos Reis Azevedo; "Dinâmica do crescimento da produtividade do trabalho na indústria de transformação brasileira segundo o porte das empresas – 1997 a 2018", p. 82-96 . In: Anais do VI Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Indústria e pesquisa para Inovação: novos desafios ao desenvolvimento sustentável”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2022.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/vi-enei-816

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