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Creating your own path to move beyond the middle- income trap: lessons from Korea

Creating your own path to move beyond the middle-income trap: lessons from Korea

Feitosa, Paulo Henrique Assis;

Artigo completo:

A experiência de desenvolvimento observada na Coréia tem sido um símbolo de catch-up bem-sucedido por várias décadas. Esse processo permitiu sua transição ascendente do status de renda média para a alta e tem chamado a atenção de muitas correntes de estudiosos. Mais recentemente, pesquisas emergentes têm melhorado a nossa compreensão dessa experiência e suas implicações políticas nos países em desenvolvimento (Lee, 2013; 2016; 2019). Este artigo propõe uma revisão do que esta literatura tem a dizer sobre os mecanismos por trás do caminho bem-sucedido seguido pela Coréia e uma discussão de lições para superar a armadilha da renda média. Argumenta-se que os países retardatários não se limitam a seguir o caminho do desenvolvimento tecnológico dos avançados e que são possíveis caminhos alternativos. A principal implicação de política para os retardatários é que um catch-up bem-sucedido é possível, mas difícil de alcançar, porque requer detours e leapfrog para as novas tecnologias.

Artigo completo:

The development experience observed in Korea has been a symbol of successful catch-up for several decades. This process allowed its upward transition from middle income to high-income status and has drawn the attention of many streams of scholars. More recently, emergent research has improved our understanding of this experience and its policy implications for developing countries (Lee, 2013; 2016; 2019). This paper proposes a review of what this literature has to say about the mechanisms behind the successful path followed by Korea and a discussion of lessons to overcome the middle-income trap. It is argued that latecomers do not limit themselves to follow the path of technological development of the advanced countries and that alternative paths are possible. The main policy implication for latecomers is that a successful catch-up is possible yet difficult to achieve because it requires taking detours and leapfroging into new technologies.

Palavras-chave: Catch-up; Coréia do Sul; Armadilha da renda média,

Palavras-chave: Catch-up, South Korea, Middle-income trap.,

DOI: 10.5151/v-enei-750

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Como citar:

Feitosa, Paulo Henrique Assis; "Creating your own path to move beyond the middle- income trap: lessons from Korea", p. 1937-1949 . In: Anais do V Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Inovação, Sustentabilidade e Pandemia”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2021.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/v-enei-750

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