Novembro 2017 vol. 3 num. 12 - 11º Congresso Brasileiro de Inovação e Gestão de Desenvolvimento do Produto
Artigo Completo - Open Access.
COMPLEMENTING ENGINEERING DESIGN USING DESIGN THINKING: AN ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY APPROACH
Product development in traditional engineering methodologies is usually a broad and intricate process, encompassing specific stages that are essential to the development, but oftentimes lacking the needed comprehension of the final user. On the other hand, Design Thinking (DT) is a still incipient methodology, though focused on enhancing innovation skills through a human-centered design approach to support decision-making. Both methodologies were designed for different contexts, each with specific benefits and limitations. With the increasing focus on innovation and the highly competitive market, aspects from both approaches can be combined to enhance the design practice. Such combination may serve as a catalyzer for innovation, reinforcing with traditional methodologies the solid base required in product/service development, but still reaching for DT heuristics and techniques to achieve better multidisciplinary teams, experimentation practices and a higher focus on users. This work intends to elucidate congruent aspects of both approaches to outline an integrative systematization. A literature review on the Ulrich and Eppinger methodology and three DT references was used as comparison basis for this work. By comparing and merging both paradigms, we propose a “hybrid” systematization, adapting aspects from both to reach a robust and adaptive model. The combined approach should be applicable to various contexts, using DT to broaden the use situations of traditional methodologies and ease the adaptation for unusual contexts in engineering design, such as assistive technology products. In this context, the processes used in a traditional engineering methodology and in DT were analyzed, exploring convergences and divergences that hint for gaps of intersection. In a comparative analysis, the methodologies are mutually complementary, converging for a flexible prescriptive proposition of the development process This becomes clear when comparing the proposed systematization to a specific methodology of assistive technology design, demonstrating the flexibility of the approach for reaching outlying contexts from the traditional methodologies. Due the high adaptive potential of the approach, the addition of concepts and heuristics of DT to traditional engineering methodologies may be able to reach many other unusual contexts, while still promoting competitiveness, innovation and a higher focus on the user.
Palavras-chave: Design methodology, Design thinking, Assistive technology, Innovation,
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Botega, Luiz Fernando de Carvalho; Oliveira, Tainá A. Bueno de; Fettermann, Diego de Castro; "COMPLEMENTING ENGINEERING DESIGN USING DESIGN THINKING: AN ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY APPROACH", p. 572-581 . In: .
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2318-6968, DOI 10.5151/cbgdp2017-058
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