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China na revolução digital: catch-up, leapfrogging e planejamento estatal

Dynamics of Chinese Multinational Companies: A Comparative Analysis

Prates, Bruno Prado;

Artigo:

A intensificação do processo de desenvolvimento da China e o surgimento de grandes empresas chinesas produziu profundo impacto na estrutura geopolítica internacional. A superioridade econômica dos Estados Unidos foi colocada sob ameaça com o crescimento da China e a expansão das multinacionais chinesas. Propõe-se compreender o processo de expansão das multinacionais chinesas e sua consolidação como importantes agentes da economia global, comparando-se indicadores financeiros (das empresas) e econômico-estruturais (dos países) entre as principais potências do capitalismo mundial, dentre as quais os Estados Unidos, Japão, Reino Unido, França e Alemanha. As análises revelam a expansão das multinacionais chinesas desde os anos 2000, em detrimento de uma redução das transnacionais de outros países, especialmente dos Estados Unidos e do Japão. Essa expansão se concentrou especialmente no setor de finanças, com importante relevância dos bancos, devido ao papel que desempenham na escolha de projetos para o desenvolvimento nacional e regional do país.

Artigo:

The intensification of China's development process and the emergence of large Chinese companies had a profound impact on the international geopolitical structure. The United States' economic superiority was put under threat by the growth of China and the expansion of Chinese multinationals. This work proposed to understand the expansion process of Chinese multinationals and their consolidation as important agents of the global economy, by comparing financial (at the company-level) and economic-structural (at the country-level) indicators among the main players of global capitalism, such as the United States, Japan, United Kingdom, France, and Germany. Analyzes reveal the expansion of Chinese multinationals since the 2000s, to the detriment of a reduction in multinationals from other countries, especially the United States and Japan. The expansion was especially concentrated in the finance sector, with great importance for banks, due to the role they play in choosing projects for the country’s national and regional development.

Palavras-chave: Empresas multinacionais; China; Investimento Direto Estrangeiro,

Palavras-chave: Multinational companies; China; Foreign Direct Investment,

DOI: 10.5151/vi-enei-851

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Como citar:

Prates, Bruno Prado; "China na revolução digital: catch-up, leapfrogging e planejamento estatal", p. 807-828 . In: Anais do VI Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Indústria e pesquisa para Inovação: novos desafios ao desenvolvimento sustentável”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2022.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/vi-enei-851

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