Agosto 2019 vol. 1 num. 5 - 36º Congresso Brasileiro de Reumatologia

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CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER IN PATIENTS UNDER BIOLOGICAL THERAPY: POSSIBLE PROTECTIVE EFFECT?

MARQUES, CLAUDIA; MONTEIRO, JANAINA; BRITO, MARINA; LOPES, FABIANA; LIMA, ANTON; MARQUES, GABRIEL; VALADARES, MARIA LUISA; CARRERA, RAQUEL; FRANÇA, RAFAEL; BRITO, CARLO; DUARTE, ANGELA; , ;

Pôster:

Little is known about the effect of the use of immunobiological medications in patients with rheumatic diseases that are infected by the Chikungunya virus (CHIKV). Despite initial concerns, the clinical practice and a few case reports demonstrated no major complications with its use. Besides that, some patients under immunobiological therapy reported: “everyone in my house got sick (with Chikungunya), except me”, suggesting a possible protective effect of biological therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of subclinical CHIKV infection in patients using immunobiological agents and compared to controls living in the same house, as well the possible protective effect of these medications on Chikungunya fever clinical course.

Materials and methods

Cross-sectional, observational, analytical study carried out from January to June 2018. Patients 18 years old with diagnosis of rheumatologic disease treated with biological therapy were included; the control group was composed of people who lived in the same house of the patient. Data were collected about symptoms suggestive of acute CHIKV infection in the past, use of medications and then blood was collected to perform the specific serology for CHIKV IgG.

Results

A total of 168 patients were evaluated, most of them with rheumatoid arthritis (94; 56.0%); the most frequent class of immunobiological used was anti-TNF (47.0%). Of the 168 cases, 42 presented CHIKV positive IgG serology (25.0%) and 9 of them had no symptoms (5.0%); among 56 controls, 27.0% presented positive serology, and only 1 of them did not present symptoms (1.0%) (p=0.2629). No significant difference was observed between Chikungunya fever symptoms in the comparing patients using immunobiological therapy and controls. Regarding the duration of Chikungunya fever symptoms, in 72% of the individuals treated with biological medication the CHIK symptoms improved completely before 3 months while in the control group this occurred in 36.0% (p = 0.01). When stratified by biological class, 95.0% of those who used anti-TNF improved before 3 months; in those who used other classes, this percentage was 33.0% (p = 0.001).

Conclusion

The use of immunobiological therapy had associated with increased the number of cases of subclinical infection by CHIKV, although without statistical significance. In addition, patients taking anti-TNF showed a shorter CHIK evolution time when compared to controls and other immunobiological. These findings suggest that there may be a possible protective role for this class of drugs in the presence of CHIKV infection.

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DOI: 10.5151/sbr2019-359

Referências bibliográficas
Como citar:

MARQUES, CLAUDIA; MONTEIRO, JANAINA; BRITO, MARINA; LOPES, FABIANA; LIMA, ANTON; MARQUES, GABRIEL; VALADARES, MARIA LUISA; CARRERA, RAQUEL; FRANÇA, RAFAEL; BRITO, CARLO; DUARTE, ANGELA; , ; "CHIKUNGUNYA FEVER IN PATIENTS UNDER BIOLOGICAL THERAPY: POSSIBLE PROTECTIVE EFFECT?", p. 359 . In: Anais do 36º Congresso Brasileiro de Reumatologia. [ISBN 978-85-212-1892-0]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2019.
ISSN 2357-7282, DOI 10.5151/sbr2019-359

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