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A DIFUSÃO DOS PRODUTOS E SERVIÇOS DE TIC NA ECONOMIA MUNDIAL: NO CAMINHO PARA A IoT

THE DIFFUSION OF ICT PRODUCTS AND SERVICES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY: IN THE ROAD TO IoT

Prochnik, Victor;

Artigo:

o artigo analisa a difusão conjunta de bens e serviços de eletrônica, telecomunicações e software na economia mundial, entre 2000 e 2014 como insumos em processos de produção na economia mundial. Com dados a preços constantes do World Input-Output Database, foram calculadas matrizes de comércio mundial em valor agregado (VA). Os resultados mostram que aumentou a participação conjunta do VA da eletrônica, software e telecomunicações no VA da economia mundial (de 2,7%, em 2000, para 4,9%, em 2014), isto é. houve uma forte e generalizada difusão dos bens e serviços destes três setores em todos os setores de todos os países. Também existem correlações significativas entre as taxas de crescimento da difusão dos insumos dos setores de ICT por indústria e país consumidores. O VA de eletrônica destinado ao consumo intermediário cresceu mais rápidamente que os dos outros dois setores (respectivamente 9,4%, 6,1% e 5,6% ao ano). Interpreta-se estes dados como o avanço da Internet das Coisas, com a maior participação da eletrônica na constituição dos produtos inteligentes. Estas mudanças têm implicações microeconômicas, sobre a distribuição das vantagens competitivas nas cadeias globais, e macroeconômicas, sobre o desenvolvimento econômico dos países.

Artigo:

The paper studies the joint diffusion of goods and services of the electronics, telecommunications services, and computer programming sectors (2000/2014) as inputs in production processes in the world economy. Using constant price data from the World Input-Output Database, I have calculated input-output matrices of the world trade in value-added. (VA). The results show the growth in the VA participation of the three industries in the final product of all considered industries and countries, from 2.7%, in 2000, to 4.9%, in 2014. This increase in the intensity of ICT inputs in production processes and products has happened in every industry and country. There are also significant correlations among the diffusion growth rates of the ICT sectors inputs supply by client industry/ country. Another conclusion is that the participation of inputs from the electronics industry in products and production processes over the world economy has grown faster than those from the other two industries. These results are interpreted as an advance in the direction of the Internet of Things, with increased participation of electronic devices in the constitution of intelligent products. These changes have also implications in terms of the distribution of competitive advantages over the global value chains. If economic capabilities are migrating downstream, their producers (firms but also countries) will increase their relative competitive advantage.

Palavras-chave: tecnologias da informação e comunicação; indústria eletrônica,

Palavras-chave: Information and telecomunnications technologies, electronics industry,

DOI: 10.5151/vi-enei-858

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Como citar:

Prochnik, Victor; "A DIFUSÃO DOS PRODUTOS E SERVIÇOS DE TIC NA ECONOMIA MUNDIAL: NO CAMINHO PARA A IoT", p. 1-20 . In: Anais do VI Encontro Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação (ENEI): “Indústria e pesquisa para Inovação: novos desafios ao desenvolvimento sustentável”. São Paulo: Blucher, 2022.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/vi-enei-858

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