outubro 2014 vol. 1 num. 1 - 13th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials
Abstract - Open Access.
Topology Optimisation of Thermomechanical Functionally Graded Materials and Material Interfaces
The work applies topology optimisation to the design of functionally graded materials (FGMs) and material interfaces for thermomechanical problems. It is well known, that the mismatch in sti ness and thermal expansion coeficient of two materials give rise to high stresses at the interface. One way to alleviate this is to use the concept of FGMs . The FGMs are here designed using topology optimisation, which is a material distribution method used for nding an optimal structural layout for a given problem subject to design constraints . Density-based multi-material topology optimisation is utilised to optimise the material composition and distribution in order to achieve a high thermal throughput, while maintaining an acceptable stress level. The work considers the design of local material microstructures with the objective of optimising the macrostructural response. In contrast to homogenisation techniques, connectivity among the local microstructural cells is ensured by analysing the full macrostructure with all microstructural details being fully-resolved by the nite element method. This is computationally challenging and the work will therefore explore the use of a coarse-scale spectral preconditioner  to the coupled thermomechanical problems. The problems investigated are inspired by those of plasma facing components (PFCs), thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) and thermal protection systems (TPSs).
Palavras-chave: topology optimisation, thermomechanical, functionally graded materials, material interfaces, stress constraints,
Alexandersen, Joe; Lazarov, Boyan S.; Sigmund, Ole; "Topology Optimisation of Thermomechanical Functionally Graded Materials and Material Interfaces", p. 48 . In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials [=Blucher Material Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1].
São Paulo: Blucher,
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