Janeiro 2015 vol. 1 num. 3 - International Symposium on Crystallography
Abstract - Open Access.
SYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF Fe/Co/Mn-DOPED SnO2 NANOPARTICLES OBTAINED BY A PROTEIC SOL-GEL METHOD
Tin dioxide (SnO2) is a n-type semiconductor with a wide band gap (Eg= 3.6 eV, at 25º C) with good transparency and sensitivity to reducing gases. It finds a wide range of applications such as in gas sensors, optoelectronic devices, and dye-base solar cells. The cassiterite belongs to a rutile-type tetragonal system with a P4/mnm space group. In this work, nanostructured SnO2 and Sn1-xMxO2 (M = Fe, Co, Mn and x=0.02, 0.05 and 0.08) were synthesized by a proteic sol-gel method. X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) measurements revealed that dopant ions are incorporated into the compounds as Fe3+, Co2+, and Mn2+. X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) patterns and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analyses revealed that all compounds presented the tetragonal rutile structure expected for SnO2, suggesting that Fe3+, Co2+, and Mn2+ were incorporated into the tin dioxide crystalline lattice. No impurity phases were detected by these techniques. Lattice parameters obtained by Rietveld refinement of XRPD patterns reinforces the finding that doping ions are incorporated into the crystalline matrix substituting Sn4+ ions. Average crystallite sizes calculated by Scherrer’s equation are found to vary from 13 to 24 nm. Room temperature transmission Mössbauer spectroscopy (TMS) results on Fe-based compounds showed the existence of two Fe3+ paramagnetic doublets consistent with distorted octahedral sites. No Fe-based impurity phases were detected by TMS.
Pereira, M. S.; Ribeiro, T. S.; Vasconcelos, I. F.; "SYNTHESIS AND STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION OF Fe/Co/Mn-DOPED SnO2 NANOPARTICLES OBTAINED BY A PROTEIC SOL-GEL METHOD", p. 79 . In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Crystallography [Blucher Physics Proceedings, v.1, n.3].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2358-2359, DOI 10.5151/phypro-sic100-079
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