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R&D FUNDING POLICY AND UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY RESEARCH COLLABORATION IN BRAZIL: THE CASE OF PETROBRAS

GIELFI, Giovanna G.; FURTADO, André; TIJSSEN, Robert J. W.;

Artigo:

This paper aims to analyze the university-industry collaboration on the technological development of Petrobras, the Brazilian state-controlled oil company. Based on inventors’ names, extracted of patent applications by Petrobras gathered from the PatStat database, and ancillary information from Lattes Platform, we identify the academic joint-patents within Petrobras’ patent portfolio. Then we analyze the contribution of university collaboration to support the firm’s technological development and its main technical areas. Furthermore, we examine changes in collaboration overtime to explore if the recent R&D funding policy has affected the Petrobras-university interactions. The main findings of this study reveal an upward trend in Petrobras-university inventive collaboration, which is fostered by the R&D funding policy, resulting in an enlargement of the Petrobras’ collaborative network. We have also found that universities make background and niche contributions to Petrobras’ patenting activities, raising questions about whether collaboration has effectively contributed to strengthen the technological capabilities of the company. The implications of these results to enhance the R&D resources and capabilities of Petrobras, as well as to strengthen the Brazilian system of innovation related to oil and gas activities, are also discussed.

Artigo:

Este artigo busca analisar a colaboração universidade-empresa no desenvolvimento tecnológico da Petrobras, a empresa petrolífera estatal brasileira. Através das informações das patentes depositadas pela Petrobras, extraídas da base de dados PatStat, buscou-se identificar dentre as patentes da estatal aquelas que possuem colaboração com as universidades. Para tanto, foram listados todos os inventores e seus nomes buscados na Plataforma Lattes de forma a identificar os inventores acadêmicos e, consequentemente, as patentes co-inventadas com universidades. Com base nesses dados, foram analisadas a contribuição da colaboração com universidades para o desenvolvimento tecnológico da Petrobras e as principais áreas tecnológicas em que ocorre a colaboração. Além disso, foi investigado o efeito da recente política de financiamento à P&D na colaboração Petrobras-universidades. Os principais resultados obtidos revelam uma tendência crescente na colaboração Petrobras-universidades no desenvolvimento de patentes, fomentada pela política de financiamento à P&D, e que propiciou a expansão na rede de colaborações da estatal. Contudo, os resultados levantam dúvidas quanto a efetiva contribuição das universidades para o fortalecimento das capacitações tecnológicas da Petrobras, uma vez que a colaborações está concentrada em áreas de nicho e backgroung. Por fim, a partir dos resultados obtidos, são discutidas as implicações de políticas para o fortalecimento das capacidades tecnológicas da Petrobras, bem como do sistema de inovações brasileiro de petróleo e gás natural.

Palavras-chave: university-industry collaboration; R&D funding; academic patents; patent analysis; Brazil; oil industry,

Palavras-chave: colaboração universidade-empresa; financiamento à P&D; patentes acadêmicas; análise de patentes; Brasil; indústria petrolífera,

DOI: 10.5151/engpro-1enei-071

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Como citar:

GIELFI, Giovanna G.; FURTADO, André; TIJSSEN, Robert J. W.; "R&D FUNDING POLICY AND UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY RESEARCH COLLABORATION IN BRAZIL: THE CASE OF PETROBRAS", p. 1277-1294 . In: Anais do 1º Encontro da Nacional de Economia Industrial e Inovação [=Blucher Engineering Proceedings, v.3 n.4]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2016.
ISSN 2357-7592, DOI 10.5151/engpro-1enei-071

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