dezembro 2014 vol. 1 num. 7 - XVII Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - SIGraDi: Knowledge-based Design
Article - Open Access.
Physical Design Cognition: A Non-‐symbolic Formalization for Performing Design Knowledge
This paper frames design knowledge as formalizable physical action for developing embodied computational design skills that can more fully exploit current and future digital fabrication prototyping methods. Digitally integrated prototyping tools reveal the physicality of cognition in computational design activity; however, because current theories of design knowledge define cognition as a mental process, physical computation design skills remain underdeveloped. We identify symbolic formalization as the root of this problem. We present a non-symbolic action-based notation drawing from embodied cognition as an alternative model for design cognition. Designerly knowledge is discussed in terms of reflective action and epistemic action.
Palavras-chave: Embodied design cognition, Physical computing, Human-computer interaction, Action notation, Motion tracking,
-  Anderson, M. (2003). Embodied Cognition: A field guide, Artificial Intelligence, 149, 1, pp. 9
-  Cross, N. (2007). Natural Intelligence in Design, in Nigel Cross (ed.) Designerly Ways of Knowing, (pp. 49-62) Basel: Birkhauser.
-  Dorst, K., Dijkhuis, J. (1995). Comparing paradigms for describing design activity, Design Studies, Volume 16, Issue 2, Pages 261-274.
-  Dourish, P. (2001). Seeking a Foundation for Context-Aware Computing. Human Computer Interaction, Vol 16, pg. 229-241.
-  Eastman, C. (1970). On the Analysis of Intuitive Design Processes, in Moore, G. (ed.) Emerging Methods in Environmental Design and Planning, pp. 21-37. MIT Press: Cambridge.
-  Gero, J. (1994). Computational Models of Creative Design Processess, in Dartnall (ed.) Artificial Intelligence and Creativity, Klower, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
-  Kavakli, M and Gero, J. (2002). The Structure of Concurrent Cognitive Actions: a case study on novice and expert designers’. Design Studies Vol 23, pg. 25–40.
-  Kirsh, D., and Maglio, P. (1995). On Distinguishing Epistemic from Pragmatic Action. Cognitive Science, 18, pp. 513-549.
-  Schon, D., Wiggins, G. (1992). Kinds of Seeing and their functions in designing. Design Studies Vol 13 No 2.
-  Simon, H. (1969). The Sciences of the Artificial, 1st Edition. MIT Press, Cambridge.
-  Smithwick, D., Sass, L. (2012). Designing in HiFi: Digital Fabrication for Physical Computation. Proceedings from Sigradi, November 13-16,pg 622-624.
-  Suwa, M. and Tversky, B. (1996). What architects see in their design sketches: implications for design tools. Human factors in computing systems: CHI’96, ACM. New York, pp. 191–192.
-  Suwa, M., Purcell, T., and Gero, J. (1998). Macroscopic analysis of design processes based on a scheme for coding designers’ cognitive actions. Design Studies, Vol 19, pp. 455-483.
-  Varela, F.,Thompson, E.,Rosch, R (1993). The Embodied Mind: Cognitive image Science and the Human Experience. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. 31
-  Wallis, M., Popat, S., Mckinney, J., Bryden, J., and Hogg, D. (2010). Embodied Conversations: Performance and the design of a robotic dancing partner. Design Studies, Vol 31, pg. 99-117.
-  Willis, K., Lin, J., Mitani, J, and Igarashi, T. (2010). Spatial Sketch: Bridging Between Movement Andamp; Fabrication. TEI ’10 ACM, January 24–27, Cambridge, USA.
-  Willis, K., Xu, C., Wu, K., Levin, G., and Gross, M. (2011). Interactive Fabrication: New Interfaces for Digital Fabrication. Tangible, Embedded, and Embodied Interaction Conference, January 22-26, Portugal.
-  Wilson, M. (2002). Six Views of Embodied Cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, vol 9 (4), pg 625-636.
-  Zoran, Amit and Joseph A. Paradiso. (2013) “FreeD – A Freehand Digital Sculpting Tool.” The 31th international conference extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems (CHI ''13). ACM, Paris, France.
Smithwick, Daniel; Sass, Lawrence; "Physical Design Cognition: A Non-‐symbolic Formalization for Performing Design Knowledge", p. 27-31 . In: Proceedings of the XVII Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics: Knowledge-based Design [=Blucher Design Proceedings, v.1, n.7].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2318-6968, DOI 10.5151/despro-sigradi2013-0002
últimos 30 dias | último ano | desde a publicação