dezembro 2014 vol. 1 num. 5 - 9th Conference of the International Committee for Design History and Design Studies
Article - Open Access.
Performing Human Pixels in Glitched: Portraits of Transformation
This paper examines the role of intentional error and unpredictable outcomes in digital image manipulation as a means of commenting on aspects of perfection, aesthetics, design process and technology. Glitched: Portraits of Transformation is a series of photographic human portraits that have been altered by performing JPEG images at the level of code bits. Intense bands and blocks of color, unorthodox textures, odd overlaps and crops – combined with machine-readable alphanumeric typography and philosophical quotes – are the result of a creative, collaborative design process. Informed by theories of ‘research through design,’ ‘design authorship,’ and ‘failure studies,’ the Glitched project operates at the intersection of representation, expression and intervention. While the results can be considered as artworks, the images address deeper concerns about the confluence of digitization and the human condition through design. The images, therefore, can be interpreted as visualizations of science’s nascent field of ‘synthetic biology’ and its oncoming ethical and moral considerations. Additionally, the series represents the potential effects of physiological and behavior transformations. The designers begin with critical commentary on perfection in design followed by descriptions of their technical process in a theoretical context. Parallels of the Glitched series are drawn with the human condition, and the designers conclude with suggestions for viewer interpretation and further exploration.
Palavras-chave: JPEG, glitch, portrait, perfection, digitization,
-  Barker, T. (2011) ‘Aesthetics of the Error: Media Art, the Machine, the Unforeseen and the Errant’ in M. Nunes’ (ed.) Error: Glitch, Noise and Jam in New Media Cultures. New York: Continuum, pp 42-58.
-  Cascone, K. (2000) ‘The Aesthetics of Failure: “Post-Digital” Tendencies in Contemporary Computer Music.’ Computer Music Journal, 24(4), pp 12-18.
-  Eco, U. (1989) Opera aperta. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
-  Eiserman, J. and Hushlak, G. (2011) ‘The Mistake: The Importance of Errors in Computer-
-  generated Images.’ The International Journal of the Image, 1(2), 93-102.
-  ‘First Self-Replicating Synthetic Bacterial Cell.’ (2010) Retrieved November 4, 2013 from http://www.jcvi.org/cms/research/projects/first-self-replicating-synthetic-bacterial- cell/overview/.
-  Gaulon, B. (2012) KindleGlitcher. Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://recyclism.com/kindleglitcher.php
-  Inman, J. (2004) Computers and Writing: The Cyborg Era. Maywah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Krapp, P. (2011) Noise Channels: Glitch and Error in Digital Culture. Minneapolis, MN:
-  University of Minnesota Press.
-  McCarthy, S. (2005) ‘The Art Portrait, the Pixel and the Gene: Micro Construction of Macro Representation.’ Convergence: The Journal of Research into New Media Technologies. Sage Publications, Vol. 11(4), 64.
-  McCarthy, S. (2013) The Designer As... Author, Producer, Activist, Entrepreneur, Curator and Collaborator: New Models for Communicating. Amsterdam: BIS Publishers.
-  Menkman, R. (2011) The Glitch Moment(um). Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. Mitchell, W. J. (1992) The Reconfigured Eye: Visual Truth in the Post-Photographic Era.
-  Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
-  Museum of Glitch Aesthetics (n.d.) Retrieved March 25, 2014 from http://www.glitchmuseum.com.
-  Petroski, H. (2006) Success through Failure: the Paradox of Design. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
-  Shapley, G. (2011) ‘After the Artefact: Post-Digital Photography in Our Post-Media Era.’ Journal of Visual Art Practice 10(1), 5-20.
-  ‘What Is Six-Sigma?’ (n.d.) Retrieved November 4, 2013 from http://www.isixsigma.com/new-to-six-sigma/getting-started/what-six-sigma/.
-  Zimmerman, J., Forlizzi, J., Andamp; Evenson, S. (2007) ‘Research Through Design as a Method for Interaction Design Research in HCI.’ Human-Computer Interaction Institute. Paper 41.
Barness, Jessica; McCarthy, Steven; "Performing Human Pixels in Glitched: Portraits of Transformation",
p. 499-504 . In: Tradition, Transition, Tragectories: major or minor influences? [=ICDHS 2014 - 9th Conference of the International Committee for Design History and Design Studies].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2318-6968, DOI 10.5151/despro-icdhs2014-0071
últimos 30 dias | último ano | desde a publicação