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Optimal light-trapping design in thin-film solar cells enhanced with SiO2/ATO/Graphene layered structure

Shen, Qiang; Zhao, Yongxiang; Chen, Fei; Li, Ling; Zhang, Lianmeng;

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Antimony doped tin oxide (ATO), as one kind of transparent conductive oxides (TCO), is applied as electrodes in thin film solar cells. On the basis of the traditional glass/TCO structure on top of amorphous silicon thin-film solar cells, graphene is introduced to form the glass/TCO/Graphene and the glass/Graphene/TCO layered structure, which is aimed at both enhancing the optical absorption of thin-film solar cells as an antireflection coating (ARC) and increasing the electrical conductivity as a TCO electrode. In this paper, SiO2/ATO/Graphene and SiO2/Graphene/ATO structure are selected for the optimal lighttrapping design by using differential evolution method. The effect of graphene is mainly investigated and the thickness of the layers of proposed structure is optimized to enhance the optical absorption of thin-film solar cells to the greatest degree. The theoretical calculation results clearly demonstrate that the proposed SiO2/ATO/Graphene layered structure is obviously superior to the SiO2/Graphene/ATO structure, and it can obtain a higher light-trapping enhancement in the whole visible and near-infrared wavelength range because of the graded refractive index distribution profile.

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Palavras-chave: Light trapping, thin-film solar cells, graphene, layered structure, differential evolution (DE),

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DOI: 10.5151/matsci-mmfgm-046-f

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Como citar:

Shen, Qiang; Zhao, Yongxiang; Chen, Fei; Li, Ling; Zhang, Lianmeng; "Optimal light-trapping design in thin-film solar cells enhanced with SiO2/ATO/Graphene layered structure", p. 26-29 . In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials [=Blucher Material Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2358-9337, DOI 10.5151/matsci-mmfgm-046-f

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