Abstract - Open Access.

Idioma principal

Inhibitory Effect of Rosmarinus Officinalis L. Essential Oil (Rosemary) Against Food-Borne Pathogens in A Single and in Mixed Culture

Inhibitory Effect of Rosmarinus Officinalis L. Essential Oil (Rosemary) Against Food-Borne Pathogens in A Single and in Mixed Culture

Sousa, Jossana Pereira de; Oliveira, Kataryne Árabe Rimá de; Lopes, Rayanne Oliveira; Xavier, Danilo Elias; Conceição, Maria Lúcia da; Souza, Evandro Leite de;

Abstract:

Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) essential oil has a recognized antimicrobial activity against several bacterial and fungal species, but the investigation of its potential against a mixed inoculum is still scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the inhibitory effect of rosemary essential oil against food-borne pathogens in a single and in mixed culture. The rosemary essential oil was obtained from Ferquima Industry and Commerce of Essential Oils; strains of Escherichia coli (UFPEDA 224) and Salmonella Enteritidis (UFPEDA 414) were obtained from Department of Antibiotics UFPE (Recife/PE), while the strain of Listeria monocytogenes (INCQS 7644) was obtained from the National Institute of Quality Control in Health (Rio de Janeiro/RJ). The Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the essential oil was determined using microdilution in broth technique as recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI). For this, the strains were grown in BHI broth (37ºC/24h), with subsequent standardization of the suspensions (0.5 MacFarland scale; 10Andlt;supAndgt;8Andlt;/supAndgt; cfu/ml), with adjustment of inoculum for 5x10Andlt;supAndgt;5Andlt;/supAndgt; cfu/ml and preparation of the mixed inoculum in 1:1:1 rate. Then, 50µL of the mixed suspension were inoculated into microplates containing 50µL of BHI broth added 0.15% bacteriological agar and different concentrations of the essential oil (10-320Andamp;#956;l/ml). After incubation (37ºC/24h), checking the bacterial growth was performed by adding 20Andamp;#956;L of Resazurin (0.01%). MIC was considered the lowest dilution of the essential oil causing no microbial growth. The MIC value for E. coli and S. Enteritidis was 80Andamp;#956;l/ml, and for L. monocytogenes was 20Andamp;#956;l/ml. When tested in mixed inoculum, the MIC value was 80Andamp;#956;l/ml. These results indicate a significant inhibitory effect of rosemary essential oil and that the type of inoculum did not affect the MIC value, which were the same against E. coli, S. Enteritidis and mixed inoculum. The study of the inhibitory effect of essential oils using mixed inocula provides more realist information about their efficacy when applied in food matrices, since when the bacteria are tested in mixed culture are imposed growth conditions that may influence the response of microorganisms to the action of antimicrobial compounds. The data presented in this study also reinforce the possible use of rosemary essential oil as an antimicrobial by food industry in order to improve the microbiological quality of products.

Abstract:

Palavras-chave: Essential oil, Food-borne pathogens, Mixed inoculum, Rosemary,

Palavras-chave:

DOI: 10.5151/foodsci-microal-329

Referências bibliográficas
Como citar:

Sousa, Jossana Pereira de; Oliveira, Kataryne Árabe Rimá de; Lopes, Rayanne Oliveira; Xavier, Danilo Elias; Conceição, Maria Lúcia da; Souza, Evandro Leite de; "Inhibitory Effect of Rosmarinus Officinalis L. Essential Oil (Rosemary) Against Food-Borne Pathogens in A Single and in Mixed Culture", p. 119-120 . In: Proceedings of the XII Latin American Congress on Food Microbiology and Hygiene [=Blucher Food Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2359-201X, DOI 10.5151/foodsci-microal-329

últimos 30 dias | último ano | desde a publicação


downloads


visualizações


indexações