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Incidence of Fungi Aspergillus Section Nigri in Different Varieties of Grapes

Incidence of Fungi Aspergillus Section Nigri in Different Varieties of Grapes

TERRA, MICHELLE; LIRA, NATHASHA DE ASEVEDO; SANTIAGO, WILDER; CARDOSO, MARIA DAS GRAÇAS; PEREIRA, GIULIANO ELIAS; PRADO, GUILHERME; BATISTA, LUÍS ROBERTO;

Abstract:

The Aspergillus Section Nigri have been considered as the main fungi responsible for the infection of varieties grapes with ochratoxin A (OTA), can be isolated from the early stages of berry development until the period of harvest. OTA is a secondary metabolite produced by some species of filamentous fungi especially Aspergillus and Penicillium. It is a mycotoxin classified as a possible human carcinogen (group 2B) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Among the Aspergillus Section Nigri, the species Aspergillus carbonarius is considered the main source of OTA in grapes, and the toxin levels vary depending on the type of wine and different grapevine growing regions. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of Aspergillus section Nigri in wine grapes of different cultivars of tropical northeast region of Brazil, with special attention to potential OTA producing species. In this region five varieties of grapes, totaling 15 samples. The species of Aspergillus Section Nigri were identified by morphological characteristics. Measuring the production of ochratoxin A by fungi was performed by Liquid Chromatography with fluorescence detection. A total of 272 Aspergillus Section Nigri, identified in the species A. carbonarius, A. niger, A. niger Aggregate, A. foetidus, A. japonicus and A. aculeatus were isolated. The fungi most frequently detected in grapes were Group A. niger Aggregate (42%), followed by the species A. carbonarius (38%). The Petit Verdot grape was presented the highest incidence of Aspergillus Section Nigri, especially of A. carbonarius. All isolates of A. carbonarius (103) were OTA producers in average levels (5-20 mg OTA / g CYA) and high (Andamp;gt; 20 mg OTA / g CYA), while none of the other species were isolated ochratoxigenics . The results showed that the type of grape cultivar may influence the incidence of Aspergillus Section Nigri. Moreover, for the region, the potential risk of contamination of grapes with OTA associated with A. carbonarius, due to the high frequency of occurrence and the levels produced in vitro. The presence of toxigenic species in the samples do not necessarily indicate a risk of contamination of OTA in wines of the region, but the importance of monitoring particularly during the harvest.

Abstract:

Palavras-chave: ochratoxin, Aspergillus, wine, mycotoxins,

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DOI: 10.5151/foodsci-microal-080

Referências bibliográficas
Como citar:

TERRA, MICHELLE; LIRA, NATHASHA DE ASEVEDO; SANTIAGO, WILDER; CARDOSO, MARIA DAS GRAÇAS; PEREIRA, GIULIANO ELIAS; PRADO, GUILHERME; BATISTA, LUÍS ROBERTO; "Incidence of Fungi Aspergillus Section Nigri in Different Varieties of Grapes", p. 525-526 . In: Proceedings of the XII Latin American Congress on Food Microbiology and Hygiene [=Blucher Food Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2359-201X, DOI 10.5151/foodsci-microal-080

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