dezembro 2014 vol. 1 num. 5 - 9th Conference of the International Committee for Design History and Design Studies
Article - Open Access.
Iceland on the periphery of the Scandinavian−design movement
Design and industry were literally unknown factors in Iceland until the inter−war years. This paper examines furniture as functional objects / artefacts in order to establish in what way this island territory, positioned on the Nordic periphery, was a part of the more centric Scandinavian−design movement during 1950−1970. Based on recent research of archival and visual resources and local furniture collections the paper looks at diverse roles acted out by the Home Industries Movement, local furniture manufacturers, craftsmen and a growing number of urban consumers along with a new profession of architects and furniture designers. It can be argued, in the case of Iceland, that furniture became a material novelty, as well as a leading carrier of memory for design in the early 20th−century rather than the inherent tradition of textiles, carving and metalsmithing, so distinctive of the peasant society. On the other hand Scandinavian design became the most prominent force in the post−war period (1950−1970) and important model in furniture manufacturing during a period of flourishing furniture trade and production where authorship often became an issue. Concluding, in the case of Iceland, that peripheral territories tend to turn to regional – in this event Nordic − rather than global centers as models for local design.
Palavras-chave: furniture manufacture, design history, Iceland, scandinavian design, local regional,
-  Árnadóttir, A. S. (2011) Nútímaheimilið í mótun— fagurbætur, funksjónalismi og norræn áhrif á íslenska hönnun 1900-1970 [The modern domestic interior—aesthetic reform, functionalism and Nordic influence on Icelandic design 1900-1970], Ph.D. thesis University of Iceland. Reykjavík: Háskólaútgáfan.
-  Banham, R. (1960;2002) Theory and design in the first machine age. Oxford: Architectural Press.
-  Baudrillard, J. (1968; 2005) System of objects. London: Verso.
-  Betts, P. Andamp; Crowley, D. (2005) “Introduction”, Journal of Contemporary History, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 213–236, Available Sage Journals: http://jch.sagepub.com/content/40/2/213.full.pdf+html
-  Bjarnadóttir, H. (1927) “Verðlaunasamkeppni um uppdrætti að íslenskum húsgögnum” [Competition for design of Icelandic furniture], Hlín, vol. 18, pp. 37–41.
-  Briem, S. (1968) “Hann sér með fingurgómunum” [His fingertips are his eyes], Myndbrot: Í svipmyndum 2. Reykjavík: Prentsmiðjan Leiftur, pp.223–227.
-  Halén, V. (1999) “The patent that revolutionised the furniture industry the world over—. Scandinavian Journal of Design History vol. 9, pp. 41−55.
-  Sjónlist [Visual arts]. Exhibition catalogue (2008) “Hjalti Geir Kristjánsson interviewed by Arndís S. Árnadóttir”, pp. 76–84.
-  Stavenow, A. (1946) “Kontakt med Island”, Form, vol. 42, no. 10, pp. 220–222.
-  Woodham, J. (2005) “Local, national and global: redrawing the design historical map”, Journal of Design History, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 257–265.
Árnadóttir, Arndís S.; "Iceland on the periphery of the Scandinavian−design movement", p. 225-230 . In: Tradition, Transition, Tragectories: major or minor influences? [=ICDHS 2014 - 9th Conference of the International Committee for Design History and Design Studies].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2318-6968, DOI 10.5151/despro-icdhs2014-0027
últimos 30 dias | último ano | desde a publicação