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Growth-induced Material Gradient and Anisotropy of Bamboo

Chen, W. Q.; Zhang, C. L.;

Abstract:

Growth is a complex process that can be widely and easily observed in nature and technology. Elastic growth models have been developed over nearly a half century to describe certain evolution behavior of biological systems. Here, we will report an analytical investigation of the growth of a cylindrical core constrained in two surface cylindrical layers. Both the surface cylindrical layers and the inner core are assumed to be nonlinear elastic and isotropic, for which a nonlinear constitutive relation accommodating elastic growth is adopted. Analytical expressions are derived and numerical calculations are performed. It is shown that, due to the different growth rates of the core and the surface layers, residual stress field will be created in the laminated structure, which in turn leads to an equivalent and macroscopic material inhomogeneity and anisotropy. Thus, this simple model can be used to interpreting the unique material behavior of bamboo.

Abstract:

Palavras-chave: Elastic growth, Nonlinear constitutive relation, Residual stress, Material Gradient, Anisotropy,

Palavras-chave:

Referências bibliográficas
  • [1] Taber, L. A. Biomechanics of growth, remodeling, and morphogenesis. Applied Mechanics Reviews, 1995; 48(8): 487-545.
  • [2] Nogata, F., Takahashi, H. Intelligent functionally graded material: Bamboo. Composites Engineering, 1995; 5(7): 743-751.
  • [3] Nelli Silva, E. C., Walters, M. C., Paulino, G. H. Modeling bamboo as a functionally graded material-lessons fro the analysis of affordable materials. Journal of Materials Science, 2006; 41(21): 6991-7004.
Como citar:

Chen, W. Q.; Zhang, C. L.; "Growth-induced Material Gradient and Anisotropy of Bamboo", p. 7 . In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials [=Blucher Material Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2358-9337,

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