janeiro 2015 vol. 1 num. 3 - International Symposium on Crystallography
Abstract - Open Access.
CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISATION OF CELLULOSE NANOWHISKERS FROM OIL PALM FIBRE WASTE
Souza, N. F.; Pinheiro, J. A.; Vasconcelos, N. F.; Rosa, M. F.; Morais, J. P. S.; Cassales, A. R.; Filho, M. S. M. S.;
The aim of this work was to extract cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) from oil palm mesocarp fibres by ecofriendly pulping pathways. The fibres were treated by acetosolv pulping and peroxide bleaching prior to nanostructure extraction by H2SO4 72% (w/w) hydrolysis. CNC were obtained as described at table 1. CNC were freeze-dried and analyzed in a Rigaku diffractometer model DMAXB, Cu tube, wavelength of 1.54 Å, operating at 40kV and 30mA, between 2θ angle from 10º to 45º. The crystallinity index (CI%) was calculated as described by Segal et al. . Only typical cellulose I peaks were noted in the diffraction pattern at 15.6º and 22.7º. The absence of a double peak at 22.0º is an evidence of no cellulose II. Higher CI in the samples 1 and 3 indicates an optimization in the hydrolysis process, with reduction of the temperature or of the reaction time. The higher the CI, the higher the crystalline fraction of the nanostructures, resulting in better mechanical and thermal properties. Thus, the chemical pulping allowed CNC isolation with high crystallinity and similar structure to the native cellulose in oil palm.
Souza, N. F.; Pinheiro, J. A.; Vasconcelos, N. F.; Rosa, M. F.; Morais, J. P. S.; Cassales, A. R.; Filho, M. S. M. S.; "CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISATION OF CELLULOSE NANOWHISKERS FROM OIL PALM FIBRE WASTE", p. 92 . In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Crystallography [Blucher Physics Proceedings, v.1, n.3].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2358-2359, DOI 10.5151/phypro-sic100-092
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