janeiro 2015 vol. 1 num. 3 - International Symposium on Crystallography
Abstract - Open Access.
CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF FUROSEMIDE: IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF CRYSTALLINE FRACTION ON ACTIVE INGREDIENT
Furosemide is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for edema and chronic renal insufficiency. According crystallographic studies there are three polymorphs forms (forms I, II, III). The most thermodynamically stable of the know polymorphs is Form I in the space group P1 with lattice parameters a = 10,467(12)Å, b = 15,801(15)Å, c = 9,584(10)Å, α= 71,87°, β = 115,04° and g = 108,48°. X-ray powder diffraction and the Rietveld method are powerful tools for polymorphic identification in commercial tablets. This work reports the study of the polymorphic forms of furosemide and, through the addition of a internal standard, the quantification of the absolute content of crystalline active ingredient (AI) in one Similar tablet of 40 mg. X-ray powder diffraction data were obtained in a Rigaku RINT2000 copper (CuKα) rotation anode diffractometer with a D/teX Ultra 2 linear detector. NIST SRM 676a (corundum) was used as the internal standard in mixtures of x wt% of SRM and (1-x) wt% of triturated tablet. The results shown that only the form I is present in the tablet as a AI. In a tablet of about 100 mg formulated with 40mg of AI, there are 35,92 mg of furosemide crystalline. Theses results are in agreement with Brazilian Pharmacopeia and in the specifications of the package insert. It means that almost 5 wt% is in amorphous form. The Rietveld method is an adequate tool for the analysis of medicaments.
Tita, D. L.; Antonio, S. G.; Paiva-Santos, C. O.; "CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF FUROSEMIDE: IDENTIFICATION AND QUANTIFICATION OF CRYSTALLINE FRACTION ON ACTIVE INGREDIENT", p. 69 . In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Crystallography [Blucher Physics Proceedings, v.1, n.3].
São Paulo: Blucher,
ISSN 2358-2359, DOI 10.5151/phypro-sic100-069
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