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An Experimental Study on Ballistics Performance: Functionally Graded Sandwich Plate Impacted by a 9 mm Parabellum Projectile

Aydin, M.; Apalak, M. K.; Gunes, R.; Reddy, J. N.;

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Functionally graded materials have been increasingly used in the design of impact resistant structures. A functionally graded plate with a tailored ceramic to metal through-thickness gradient combines the superior features of ceramics and metals in the same material system. The ceramic-rich side provides good protection against projectiles, while the metal-rich side o ers toughness and strength to maintain the integrity of the structure as much as possible. Thus, the ceramic plates are used for single impact applications, whereas the FGM can be used multiple impact applications with high ballistic performance. In this study, the damage and deformation mechanisms of aluminum plates and functionally graded sandwich plates have been investigated and their performances were compared to each other under ballistics impact loadings. The functionally graded sandwich plate is composed of a mixture of ceramic (SiC) and metal (Al) phases, at a ratio of which is determined by a power-law distribution of the volume fraction. In the ballistics tests with 9 mm Parabellum projectiles, having a brass jacket and a lead core were used. Both aluminum and functionally graded sandwich plates were manufactured by means of the powder stacking-hot pressing method, their ballistic tests were performed and it was determined that functionally graded sandwich plates have a better ballistics performance than an aluminum plate by examining almost a full penetration of projectile to the aluminum plate while a signi cant penetration to the functionally graded sandwich plate was not observed.

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Palavras-chave: Functionally graded materials (FGMs), Ballistic performance, Sandwich plates,

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DOI: 10.5151/matsci-mmfgm-035-f

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Como citar:

Aydin, M.; Apalak, M. K.; Gunes, R.; Reddy, J. N.; "An Experimental Study on Ballistics Performance: Functionally Graded Sandwich Plate Impacted by a 9 mm Parabellum Projectile", p. 14-17 . In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials [=Blucher Material Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2358-9337, DOI 10.5151/matsci-mmfgm-035-f

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