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A Bio-inspired Cementitious Composite for High Energy Absorption in Infrastructural Applications

Soltan, D.G.; Ranade, R.; Li, V.C.;

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Taking cues from nature’s nacre material, several composite design features have been identified as promoting strength and ductility in an otherwise brittle system. These features are to be adapted to, and evaluated for feasibility on, a scale, and with processing routes, applicable to civil infrastructure in an effort to improve the toughness (energy absorption) of cementitious composites. This study is an investigation of one of those features—the layered composite design—in the engineered cementitious composite (ECC) system. Several layering schemes feasible for an infrastructural material are tested in beam bending comparatively with the monolithic material. The goal is to improve energy absorption via enhancement of flexural strain capacity. The addition of intentionally weak interfaces via precast/cast-in-place hybrid layering gave a 62% increase in average inelastic flexural toughness. Increasing the number of these interfaces and adding an interfacial waviness mimicking another element of nacre’s composite design improved performance by 140% over the monolithic material by the same metric. These results have implications for cementitious composite design philosophy. Enhancing ductility via layering can improve beam member performance by maximizing energy absorption and thus improving durability and safety. This investigation represents the first module of a cumulative and comprehensive material development of a nacre-inspired, cementitious composite design aimed at optimizing strength, ductility, and toughness.

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Palavras-chave: bio-inspired, concrete, composite, nacre, cementitious,

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DOI: 10.5151/matsci-mmfgm-014-f

Referências bibliográficas
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Como citar:

Soltan, D.G.; Ranade, R.; Li, V.C.; "A Bio-inspired Cementitious Composite for High Energy Absorption in Infrastructural Applications", p. 1-4 . In: Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Multiscale, Multifunctional and Functionally Graded Materials [=Blucher Material Science Proceedings, v.1, n.1]. São Paulo: Blucher, 2014.
ISSN 2358-9337, DOI 10.5151/matsci-mmfgm-014-f

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